|Surrealism||Surrealists paintings were generally based on dreams. Their paintings were filled with familiar objects which were painted to look strange or mysterious. They hoped their odd paintings would make people look at things in a different way and change the way they felt about things. They thought that their paintings might stir up feelings in the back of peoples minds.||Salvador Dali |
|Salvador Dali||Salvador Dali was born in Spain in 1904. When he was a child, he showed strange behavior and often interrupted his class in school. As he got older, he started to paint pictures that came from his dreams. His dreams and his paintings were scary and unreal. |
Dali went to art school in Madrid, Spain. He got kicked out, and never finished. He even spent time in jail. However, he continued to paint, and his art style became known as Surrealism. Salvador Dali drew everyday items, but changed them in odd ways. For example, one of his paintings is of melting clocks.
Before he died at the age of 85 in 1989, Dali had created works in film, ballet, opera, fashion, jewelry, and advertising illustrations.
|The Persistence of Memory |
The Sacrament of the Last Supper
2. Dalí was just 14 when his work was first exhibited as part of a show in his home town, and at 17 admitted to the Royal Academy of Fine Arts of San Fernando in Madrid. Why was he expelled three years later without a diploma?
3. Dalí met Elena Ivanovna Diakonova, his future wife, at his family's holiday home on the Mediterranean coast in 1929. To whom was she married at the time?
4. As his fame grew, Dalí's reputation was boosted by his outrageous pronouncements. Who, notoriously, did he say came to him in a dream as “a woman” whose flesh “ravished me”?
5. Dalí was a great admirer of comedian Harpo Marx and travelled to Paris to meet him in 1936. A few months later, Dalí sent Marx a Christmas present. What was it?
6. “One ought to be able to hold in one's head simultaneously the two facts that Dalí is a good draughtsman and a disgusting human being.” Said who?
7. The Dream of Venus, Dalí's surrealist pavillion for the 1939 World's Fair took months to assemble and its opening was twice postponed. When the show was finally ready, the painter's own press release opened with what statement?
8. In 1944, Dalí signed up to work with Alfred Hitchcock on a dream sequence for the film Spellbound. Dalí originally designed a set involving grand pianos suspended from the ceiling with dancers pirouetting beneath, but MGM said no. What did they offer instead, to the artist's horror?